In the last 10 years, ISRO has put many feathers in the cap of Indian space research. After the last massive launch of 110 satellites all in one go, they are planning something big. This research is going on at full throttle in their labs. This is the best what space enthusiasts of India can dream of.
ISRO is on a mission and is working on the country’s first launch vehicle that may indeed be able to put humans into space.
ISRO is developing GSLV Mark III, as of now this will be a development flight, but in near future, it will be possible to use the same vehicle for human flights in space. This will be a complex vehicle compared to the previous ones. The third generation geostationary launch vehicle, after having several constraints at Sriharikota facility due to space, components, etc., had to be developed from scratch.
So, after having relentlessly worked on the shortcomings, ISRO is now preparing the vehicle for its first full flight at the end of May. Implementing new design and manufacturing ideas, this would be the first flight of the launch vehicle using India’s fully indigenous cryogenic engine. The success of the GSLV Mark II launched flight in 2014 proved to be a major breakthrough for ISRO, where cryogenic engine made in India was put to use. The engine was a re-engineered rendition of the Russian cryogenic engines.
For the cryogenic engine, ISRO had to create new high altitude test facilities at Mahendragiri near Thiruvananthapuram and it tested the full engine in April 2015 for 635 seconds, and again in June 2015 for 800 seconds, well beyond the duration of its burning during a real flight.
“We had doubts about the configuration. So we decided to have an atmospheric test flight with a passive cryogenic engine,” K Radhakrishnan, former chairman of ISRO.
The satellite GSAT-19 is planned as the payload for the first developmental flight of the indigenous GSLV-Mk III-D1 Launcher and is scheduled to be launched during the first quarter of 2017 from Sriharikota.