Hello and welcome to Being Engineers.
If you are watching this, then you might know how to work with Raspberry Pi and you may want to make a Webcam server that can stream live video over the internet.
This is what we will be doing today. The process will be very simple but the result is pretty impressing and useful. Before starting you have to know 2 things:
- How to install OS in a Raspberry pi. https://www.instructables.com/id/HOW-TO-INSTALL-RASPBIAN-OS-IN-YOUR-RASPBERRY-PI/
- How to use your Laptop Screen a monitor for Raspberry pi. https://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-Use-Windows-Laptop-As-Monitor-for-Raspberry/
So before we get started, we want to clarify that the process is not the only process to achieve this result. I am showing this to you because I found this most convenient to the user.
Now let’s begin.
In this project, you will need the following:
- Raspberry Pi 3 Model B (Any version will work, but in PI 3 we have the provision for WiFi that can make this server wireless)
- USB Webcam (I will use my old Logitech Webcam. Use a better camera for better results.)
- 5V 2A Power Source (I will use my Honor 13000mah Power Bank )
- Lan Cable ( RJ – 45 Cable )
- Minimum 8 GB Class 10 SD Card ( I will use Sandisk 32GB class 10 SD Card )
If you haven’t installed the Raspbian OS on the SD card, then you will need a memory card reader and check out our tutorial on how to install the OS on Raspberry Pi.
Step 2: Set up Your Raspberry Pi
We assume you have the SD Card with the raspbian OS installed.
Then insert the SD Card in the Pi.
Connect the USB camera to any one of the four available USB port.
Connect the ethernet cable aka LAN cable to your Pi and connect the other end to your router.
Then Power Up the Raspberry Pi.
The next step is only for Raspberry Pi 3 users. Others. go to step 4.
Step 3: Connect your Pi to Internet through WiFi (only for Raspberry Pi 3 users)
Open the desktop of Raspbian and connect to WiFi by putting the correct password.
When the raspbian is connected to the network by WiFi, then shut down the system.
Now detach the LAN cable and restart. Then you must be connected to the Internet via WiFi only.
This will help to move your webcam and the pi anywhere without the RJ-45 cable.
Do the following steps to view Pi IP address.
- Open your browser on laptop or mobile.
- Go to your Router settings by typing in the default IP address of your router. ( written somewhere on your router. )
- Find the list of connected devices.
- Find the corresponding IP address of the device named raspberry.
In our case, it is 192.168.0.107
Open up Putty and type in the IP address of your Pi and connect.
‘pi’ & ‘raspberry’ is the default ‘login as‘ and ‘password‘ in Raspbian.
It is always a good practice to Update and Upgrades the system as soon as you log in.
To do it, type in the command ‘sudo apt-get update‘ and ‘sudo apt-get upgrade‘ one at a time.
Type in the command ‘sudo apt-get install motion ‘ to start the installation.
Now to make sure that the camera is correctly detected.
Type in the command ‘lsusb‘ and enter. You should see the name of your camera. If it is NOT there, then there is some problem in your camera or the camera is not supported in ‘motion’.
After the installation is complete, type in the command ‘ sudo nano /etc/motion/motion.conf ‘ and press enter.
Then you have to change some settings in the .conf file. It might be difficult sometimes to find the settings but use ‘ctrl + w’ to find it. So follow the steps:
- Make sure ‘daemon’ is ON.
- Set ‘framerate’ anywhere in between 1000 to 1500.
- Keep ‘Stream_port’ to 8081.
- ‘Stream_quality’ should be 100.
- Change ‘Stream_localhost’ to OFF.
- Change ‘webcontrol_localhost’ to OFF.
- Set ‘quality’ to 100.
- Set ‘width’ & ‘height’ to 640 & 480.
- Set ‘post_capture’ to 5.
- Press ctrl + x to exit. Type y to save and enter to conform.
Again type in the command ‘sudo nano /etc/default/motion ‘ and press enter.
Set ‘ start_motion_daemon ‘ to yes. Save and exit.
Step 7: Start The Server
First of all your have to restart the motion software. To do it type in the command ‘sudo service motion restart’ and press enter.
Again type in the command ‘sudo motion’ and press enter. Now your server is ready.
Step 8: It’s DONE!!
Now open up your browser. Type in the IP address of your raspberry Pi and the port number in this way:
192.168.0.107:8081 (First there is the IP address, then a ‘:’, then the port number). Press Enter.
Now you can see the Live feed coming from your webcam directly on your laptop or mobile or both at the same time.
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